Tawang Monastery in the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh is the largest monastery in India and second largest in the world after the Potala Palace in Lhasa, Tibet.

The full name of the monastery is Tawang Galdan Namgye Lhatse in which ‘Ta’ means “horse”, ‘wang’ meaning “chosen”, together forms the word ‘Tawang’ meaning “the location selected horse”. Further, ‘Galdan’ means “paradise”, ‘Namgye’ means “celestial” and ‘Lhatse’ means “divine”. Thus, the full meaning of the ‘Tawang Galdan Namgye Lhatse’ is the “site chosen by the horse is the celestial divine paradise”.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tawang_Monastery