Royal Enfield opened its establishment in India in 1955 named as Enfield of India based in Chennai. It started assembling Bullet motorcycles with the imported components from UK. The original Redditch, Worcestershire based company dissolved in 1971, but Enfield of India continued, and bought the rights to use the Royal Enfield name.

In 1955, the Redditch Company partnered Madras Motors in India in forming ‘Enfield India’ and gave the licence to assemble the 350 cc Royal Enfield Bullet motorcycle in Madras. Under Indian law, Madras Motors owned the majority (over 50%) of shares in the company. In 1957 tooling equipment was sold to Enfield India so that they could manufacture components. The first machines were assembled entirely from components shipped from England, but by 1962 all components were made in India.

The Indian government needed a motorcycle suitable for its police and army which they could use for patrolling. The Bullet was chosen as the most suitable bike for the job. The Indian government ordered 800 350 cc model Bullets. From that time onwards Bullet has been very popular in India and it is considered as the best purposeful bike for long journey and hilly terrain. Royal Enfield is the oldest motorcycle company in the world still in production and Bullet is the longest production run model since inception.