Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan , nicknamed as Bacha Khan (“king of chiefs”) was a Pashtun independence activist against the rule of the British Raj. He was a political and spiritual leader known for his nonviolent opposition, and a lifelong pacifist and devout Muslim. A close friend of Mahatma Gandhi, Bacha Khan was nicknamed the “Frontier Gandhi” in India.
Bacha Khan strongly opposed the All-India Muslim League’s demand for the partition of India. When the Indian National Congress declared its acceptance of the partition plan without consulting the Khudai Khidmatgar leaders, he felt very sad and told the Congress “you have thrown us to the wolves”.
In 1984, increasingly withdrawing from politics he was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize. He visited India and participated in the centennial celebrations of the Indian National Congress in 1985; he was awarded the Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International Understanding in 1967 and later Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian award, in 1987.
In Delhi, market in the Karol Bagh of New Delhi is named after him called Ghaffar Market.