Narinder Singh Kapany born 31 October 1926 to a Sikh family in Moga, Punjab, India, is an Indian-born American Sikh physicist known for his work in fibre optics.He was named as one of the seven ‘Unsung Heroes’ by Fortune magazine in their ‘Businessmen of the Century’ issue (1999-11-22). He is also known as “Father of Fiber Optics”.The term fibre optics was coined by Narinder Singh Kapany in 1956. He is a former IOFS officer.
Narinder Singh was born in Punjab,educated in India. Kapany has lived in the United States for forty-five years. In 1952, this earlier work led Kapany to conduct studies that led to the invention of optical fibre. A graduate of Agra University, India, he completed advanced studies in optics, and PhD degree at Imperial College London in 1955. He served as an IOFS officer prior to moving to the UK.
His father was younger brother of S. Gurcharan Singh Kapany, a great philanthropist of Ambala Cantt, and that’s how his connection with Ambala Cantt where he spent many holidays.
His career has spanned science, entrepreneurship and management, academia, publishing, lecturing, and farming. His personal interests include philanthropy, art collecting, and sculpting.
Kapany is considered as one of the founders of fibre optics. His research and inventions have encompassed fibre-optics communications, lasers, biomedical instrumentation, solar energy and pollution monitoring. He has over one hundred patents, and was a member of the National Inventors Council. He has received many awards including ‘The Excellence 2000 Award’ from the USA Pan-Asian American Chamber of Commerce in 1998. He is an International Fellow of numerous scientific societies including the British Royal Academy of Engineering, the Optical Society of America, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
Kapany lives in the San Francisco Bay Area with his wife, Satinder. His son, Rajinder, is a hi-tech executive; and his daughter, Kiren, is an attorney and filmmaker.